Naming Services (WINS)
servers resolve NetBIOS names to IP addresses.
NetBIOS names ARE a feature of the network node (or host machine).
The NetBIOS protocols require that NetBIOS nodes 'defend' their name from other machines
attempting to use the same name.
Likewise, a 'host'
file resolves DNS names to IP addresses
So you can see a 1-1 mapping of DNS server to host file, and WINS server to LMHOSTS file.
of use of these name resolutions is dependent on various
host options, check boxes,
the DNS method can be selected -- or on some OS versions
defaults -- for backing up the WINS/LMHOSTS resolution
for NetBIOS names.